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Amanda DiSilvestro

Kevin King

  • 15 min read

How Does a Pitching Machine Work? Everything You Need to Know

Aug 15, 2022 0 comments

How Does a Pitching Machine Work?

Although pitching machine technology has come a long way, the mechanics of a pitching machine still remain relatively simple. From the time the pitching machine was invented until now, lots of improvements have been made.

In this article, we are going to cover all the different types of pitching machines that exist in todays market, and how each of these pitching machines work.

In most pitching machine styles, spinning wheels grab the ball and throw it forward toward the batter. This makes a portable pitching machine the tool of choice during batting practice, as a machine doesn't get tired the way a real pitcher does.

how does a 1 wheel pitching machine work?

(In the image above, the coach holds the ball in the air so the batter can see it before it is pitched. The coach will then place the baseball in the chute where it will meet the spinning wheels before it is pitched to the batter)

The most common and popular pitching machines types that exist in the market today are either wheel pitching machines or arm style pitching machines ( this includes mechanical pitching machines or those that are electrically powered).

With a wheel style pitching machine, there is a wheel, much like a bike tire, that is constantly spinning. With this style of pitching machine, the ball is fed into a chute where it will touch the spinning wheel or wheels. The moment the baseball touches the spinning wheels, the baseball is instantly grabbed and projected forward in an accurate and fast motion, simulating a real pitch scenario.

A circular wheel machine includes either one wheel, two wheels or three wheels, each with its own set of features and applications.

For more backstory and information on pitching machines, check out our article about who invented the pitching machine.

Are you ready? Let's dive in!

How does a One Wheel Pitching Machine Work?

The most fundamental of pitching machines, is a one wheel pitching machine. In a one wheel pitching machine, the spinning wheel propels the baseball or softball and pitches it forward, toward the batter at home plate.

Because of its simple design, these pitching machines can only pitch fastballs, and cannot throw curve balls.

One wheel pitching machines, like those from First Pitch pitching machines, are great for little league kids that want to have a productive batting practice. These pitching machines can throw fastballs, pop flies, fly balls, and grounders.

Note: If you're using a one wheel pitching machine on a little league baseball field and the machine doesn't have the power make it to home plate, just try moving the machine a shorter distance to home plate. This can in turn improve your hitters reaction time.

How Does a Two Wheel Pitching Machine Work?

Two wheel pitching machines, like their one wheel counterparts, work by 2 wheels spinning at high speeds, grabbing the ball and projecting it forward. Usually, the person operating the machine manually places the baseball or softball into a circular chute, and the ball is fed into the two wheels. 

how a 1 wheel pitching machine works

Because there are two wheels, the pitching machine can manipulate how the ball moves in the air. For example, if one wheel is moving faster than the other wheel, it will create spin on the ball. When done correctly, the right amount of spin will creating breaking pitches, like curve balls and other breaking balls. 

These pitching machines can throw different pitches, like fastballs, curve balls, or even do training drills like throwing grounders, line drives, and pop fly balls.

Many wheel style pitching machines, but most come with an automatic ball feeder option, making solo batting practice a possibility.

How Does a Three Wheel Pitching Machines Work?

At the top of the food chain you will find three wheel pitching machines. A three wheel pitching machine works in the same way a 1 or 2 wheel pitching machine works, but with more power accuracy and variation of pitches. 

how does a 3 wheel pitching machine work?

In a pitching machine like the Jugs BP3, there are not only 3 wheels, but 3 motors. The baseballs are hand fed into the chute where they land in the middle of the three spinning wheels.

Taking the same idea and logic with a 2 wheel pitching machine, the three wheels spin to thrust the ball forward, creating the feeling of a real pitch from a real pitcher. Each wheel has its own motor, and can spin at different speeds, creating different types of pitches.

Want to throw a fastball? Keep the wheels spinning at the same speeds. Want to throw a curveball? Adjust the settings on the machine to change the speeds of each wheel, which will in turn create a curveball, or any pitch types. Additionally, three wheel pitching machines can throw pop fly balls, line drives, infield grounders, catcher's pop ups and more.

And softball players, don't fret. Each one of these pitching machines mentioned in this article are available in a softball model as well!

How Does an Arm Pitching Machine Work?

Remember being in little league and going to batting practice? Chances are, you hit from a arm action machine, otherwise known as a arm style pitching machine. Arm action machines are simple and work like this: a baseball is fed into a steel arm and the arm accurately catapults the baseball forward to the batter.

how does an arm style pitching machine work

(courtesy of

Because the baseball is thrown from a steel arm, it simulates a scenario in which a ball is thrown from an actual pitcher, making it feel more realistic. Because of the arm delivery, the batter can better time the pitch, therefore increasing their reaction time.

An Arm action machine can throw a baseball at variable speeds, from 25-80 mph, or softballs at speeds of 20-60 mph.

An arm action machine is not as technically advanced as a 1,2 or 3 wheel pitching machine, and therefore is limited to which pitches it can throw. Because of this, an arm action machine can only throw fastballs down the middle of the plate.

The upside is that an arm style pitching machine will throw consistent strikes down the middle of the plate, making for good batting practice, but cannot throw breaking balls (no curveballs, sliders, etc.)

So, if you or your kid just want to work on your swing and making contact with the ball, an arm action machine is a great option. On the other hand, if you want your kid to learn how to hit breaking balls, you'll want to invest in a three wheel pitching machine.

How Does a Mechanical Pitching Machine Work?

The simplest type of pitching machines are mechanical machines. A mechanical pitching machine is similar to a arm style pitching machine in that they both utilize an arm to propel (much like a catapult) a baseball forward.

how a mechanical pitching machine works

Having a mechanical pitcher throw a baseball to you during batting practice is a cheap and easy alternative to an actual pitcher.

Arm Style Pitching Machines vs Mechanical Pitching Machines

The main difference between an arm style machine and mechanical pitching machine is that the mechanical machine is not powered by a motor (no extension cords on the field) and is therefore less powerful.

A mechanical pitching machine can throw baseballs and softballs from speeds of 18 to 45 mph making it a great option for young little league players.

In fact, our Louisville Slugger Blue Flame mechanical pitching machine is the official pitching machine of Babe Ruth, Cal Ripken, and Pony Leagues.

We carry both the Louisville slugger Blue Flame and Black Flame mechanical pitching machine, each of which are a great option for any little league player.

Final Words

We hope this article was helpful in you understanding how a pitching machine works. Now that you know how a pitching machine works, you might be wondering how to actually use a pitching machine. Click here to learn how to use a pitching machine.

If you have any questions, don't hesitate to give us a call at (888) 466-0009, or check out out blog post about the best pitching machines for baseball here. 

Amanda DiSilvestro

Kevin King

Kevin King is the founder of Anytime Baseball a Dodger fan and a lover of all things baseball.

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